Jo’burg, Jozi or eGoli started off from humble beginnings when it consisted of only four sleepy farms in 1886 namely: Braamfontein, Doornfontein, Turffontein and Langlaagte. Gold traces were first discovered in this region by an Australian prospector, George Harrison who sold his claim for only 10 pounds, Harrison didn’t realise that he has stumbled across the richest gold-bearing reef ever discovered. By 1889 Jo’burg was the largest town in Southern Africa and people from all walks of life flocked to Johannesburg to seek fortune.
During their time, Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Ghandi moved to Johannesburg and spent formative years working as attorneys. The segregation policies of the city implemented by the apartheid government would later influence both men’s campaigns of resistance against white minority rule.
Today Johannesburg is home to the highest court in the country, the Constitutional Court, which is situated within the Constitution Hill precinct, a former city’s Old Fort Prison used by the Afrikaners in the late 1800 to protect the South African Republic from British invasion. During the apartheid era the Old Fort Prison complex was used imprison Mahatma Ghandi, Nelson Mandela, Joe Slovo, Bram Fischer, Albert Luthuli, Robert Sebokwe, Winnie Mandela and Albertina Sisulu. It is due the large number of political prisoners detained in the Old Fort Prison complex that it is known as the “Robben Island of Johannesburg”.
Experience and learn about the history and culture of Johannesburg with us, we will take you to all significant historic and contemporary sites.
Did you know?
There is only one other city on the continent that is bigger than Joburg, and that is the bustling metropolis of Cairo in Egypt. Johannesburg is the second biggest city on Africa.